"You can fool all the people some of the time, and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time."
Abraham Lincoln          

Accusing any widely accepted theory of having been motivated to fool people is not a position we choose. However, Lincoln’s quote does make us believe that anything deviating from truth must have its day in which its erroneous nature is unveiled. Therefore, we do choose a position to encourage tighter scrutinizing on many of them.

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Chapter 5     A Tally Sheet of the Free (-Trade) World’s Loss


      Roughly, feudalism shared the dominance with serfdom in the more civilized area of the world for a history of less than 2,000 years. Before the feudalism, slavery enjoyed an extensively long history. Before the slavery gained dominance in a wide area, people could only have lived in some more barbarous communities. In the barbaric era, cruelty of any extent can be a norm of life.


In the ancient slavery world, the power enforcing forced-trade is not concentered in one or two people’s hand. Many members in the society control this power, although at different level. The simultaneous presence of many slave owners demanded certain power balance between them. Free-trade thus could have plenty space to breathe within some social layers. The feudal society allows more free-trade because it has ridded of the legality of man owning man, the most direct form of forced-trade. Allowing more free-trade, feudalism enables a society to have more prosperity to appear than the slavery society. However, the feudal society seems having a much shorter life span than the slavery society as well. The shorter life span is resulted by the rapid erosion of a more creative society, the capitalism. Compared to all the preceding societies, barbarous or civilized, life span enjoyed by capitalism is so much shorter: still younger than 300 years if counting from the so called industrial revolution. Young as it is, capitalism already faces the uprooting threat from socialism, violently, or “peacefully”. By any measure, socialism can only be an idea promoting a society that would enforce forced-trade through government. No robber can be more powerful and aggressive than a government if it is set to rob. Respecting private property to a certain extent, both the slavery and feudal societies allow the forced-trade to be carried out by numerous agents being relatively independent to each other. Claiming completely confiscating property, Socialism allows only one agent, the government, to enforce forced-trade, or robbery.

The comparison in the preceding paragraph seems to tell us that a society that legitimizes more free-trade can only end up with a shorter life span.  Humans pushed forward free-trade to better satisfy their greed. However, the same greed, aiming at the highest profit at the lowest cost, also drives them to over-exploit the mellow nature of free-trade. The extreme end of the highest profit at the lowest cost inspires the dream of being term setters among so many people. To the Socialist, the cost of the dream is even paid from pockets of others.

The capitalist production lines were taking shape in Europe before the seventeen century, and further gained ground after the debut of the so called industrial revolution. However, capitalist revolution cannot be considered to have sternly launched before 1776, the year the United States of America appeared. The same revolution proceeds with more maturity only following the storm of Bastille in 1789 and the abolition of the monarchy in France. Unfortunately, human greed will not let free-trade appear so free. The removal of one form of forced-trade just creates vacuum for another form of forced-trade to migrate in. Almost immediately following the beginning hovering of capitalism, Communism propagated its outcries for turf sharing. There came the Manifesto of the Communist Party in 1848, only half century later than the appearance of France Republic. In 1871, the Paris Commune briefly demonstrated a showdown of the Communist demanding of power. Following that, in less than 50 years, in 1917, Communism successfully told the world of free-trade what it can do with its forced-trade might: to shovel away one eighth of the world’s land and labeled it as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Marx’s confidence was so easily verified with a profitable beginning: “…they have a world to win.” In the scale of history time, it can be said that free-trade loses immediately after it succeeds in time of no more than an eye blinking.


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